Your dentist is your first line of defense in maintaining your overall oral health. At your first dental check-up, you will have your wisdom teeth extracted, if you do not already have them removed; a cavity will also be filled and your teeth will be examined for conditions such as gingivitis and periodontal disease. The first step in keeping your smile looking its best, and avoiding many of the dental complications that can arise over time, is to carefully clean your teeth on a regular basis, at least once each year. There are a number of ways in which to ensure that your teeth remain clean; brushing, flossing and visiting the dentist for a cleaning are the standard procedures recommended by the American Dental Association.
How to do Dental Checkup
During your yearly dental check-up visit, your general practitioner or dentist will examine your gums and teeth for any signs of gum disease, cavities, periodontal disease, swollen gums or bleeding gums, cavities or abscesses, and any structural damage including cracks, breaks or decay in your dental structure. Your hygienist will then give you an oral examination, take X-rays, and order laboratory tests and blood tests to help determine the strength of your immune system and monitor your health history including your HIV status. A complete physical exam will involve a physical examination of your head and face, the examination of your chest, abdomen, back, neck, shoulders, hands and arms, and the testing of blood and urine. You will undergo a thorough medical screening, including blood tests, a complete physical examination and imaging studies.
Your dentist will then give you a list of preventive care services recommended to prevent tooth decay and help maintain your gums and teeth. Generally, your first dentist visit will include your routine dental check-up visits, a visual inspection of your mouth, and x-rays. If your gums feel healthy and strong, then you can start to apply a treatment plan that includes brushing twice daily, flossing and rinsing between your teeth, using mouthwash to remove plaque, and dental crowns or dental bridges to reconstruct your smile. Your dentist may also recommend that you receive a special treatment using a laser to remove the remaining visible parts of your damaged or decayed tooth.